unsaturated fat definition

What does unsaturated fat mean? Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Unsaturated definition is - not saturated: such as. The most important influence on the blood cholesterol level is the actual mix of different types of cholesterol in the diet. Fats along with protein and carbohydrates are the three main nutrients present in food. An unsaturated fat is a fat or fatty acid in which there is at least one double bond within the fatty acid chain. Polyunsaturated fats, in particular, sparked the first investigations into how certain fats may be essential for optimal health, growth, and development. Nonetheless, since quite a lot of the fat we devour consists of long-chain fats with 14 or additional carbons, this easy classification leaves somewhat loads to the creativeness. Omissions? Unsaturated fat is a kind of fat. Unsaturated fat, a fatty acid in which the hydrocarbon molecules have two carbons that share double or triple bond(s) and are therefore not completely saturated with hydrogen atoms. The term ‘unsaturated’ indicates that the carbons atoms do not have the maximum possible hydrogen atoms bound to carbon atoms. The technical definition of unsaturated fat is a fatty acid in which there is at least one double bond in the carbon chain. There are two kinds of unsaturated fats: monounsaturated , which contain one double bond; and polyunsaturated , which contain two or more double bonds. They contain at least one double bond in their fatty acid chain. 2. unsaturated fat An alkyl-chain fatty acid with one or more double (ethylenic) bonds between carbons (called unsaturated as the chain is capable of absorbing more hydrogen). Unsaturated fat, or vegetable fat, is composed of a glycerol backbone with three fatty acid chains where there is at least one sp 2 hybridized carbon. Trans fats, also known as trans-unsaturated fatty acids, are artificially produced oils in which hydrogen is added to create more double bonds. Monounsaturated fats have one double bond in the chain, while polyunsaturated fats have two or more. unsaturated synonyms, unsaturated pronunciation, unsaturated translation, English dictionary definition of unsaturated. Natural saturated fats often come from animal sources. Polyunsaturated fats include omega-3 and omega-6 fats. Fats can mainly be divided into two types, saturated and unsaturated fats. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. To get the best unsaturated fat for your money, it pays to investigate which food is a better source. Different foods have different profile of the two unsaturated fat types. **High cholesterol is a risk factor in the development of coronary heart disease. In other words, the solution is not saturated. Information and translations of unsaturated fat in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. MedicineNet does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Meaning of unsaturated fat. Fat is one of the three macronutrients which provide energy for the proper functioning of the metabolic system. These are essential fatty acids that the body needs for brain function and cell growth. Polyunsaturated fats have more than one double bond and are more likely to be found in fish, especially salmon; soy beans; mayonnaise; soft margarine; and fish oil. noun. There are two types: Define unsaturated. Unsaturated fats are more likely found in vegetables as well as in fish. An unsaturated fat is a fat or fatty acid where there is one or more carbon-carbon double bonds within the fatty acid chains. Research shows omega-3 fats can lower triglyceride levels and slightly increase HDL (good cholesterol) levels. CONTINUE SCROLLING OR … Benzene and unsaturated fatty acids are examples of unsaturated compounds. Saturated Fat Definition: A saturated fat is any lipid (fat) which contains no carbon-carbon double bonds. home/medterms medical dictionary a-z list / unsaturated fat definition. Figure 1: Example of saturated fatty acid – Myristic acid. Unsaturated fat tends not to raise the level of LDL ('bad') cholesterol in the blood. n. Any of various fats derived from plant and some animal sources, especially fish, that are liquid at room temperature. In the 1990s, Canadians had one of the highest levels of trans fat intake in the world. An unsaturated fat is a fat or fatty acid in which there is one or more double bond in the fatty acid chain. Some carbon atoms are linked by single bonds (-C-C-) and others are linked by double bonds (-C=C-). For human nutrition, an important classification of fats is based on the number and position of double bonds in the constituent fatty acids. Healthline - What’s the Difference Between Saturated and Unsaturated Fat. Information and translations of unsaturated fat in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Definition of unsaturated fat in the Definitions.net dictionary. Saturated fat has a predominance of saturated fatty acids, without any double bonds, while unsaturated fat has predominantly unsaturated acids with double bonds. Monounsaturated fatty acids (olive, sesame, and canola oils) are the healthiest for daily use. Different foods have different profile of the two unsaturated fat types. Learn more. ©1996-2020 MedicineNet, Inc. All rights reserved. Terms of Use. Corrections? Unsaturated fats (UFs) have lower melting points, and most are liquid at room temperature. unsaturated fat noun /ʌnˌsætʃəreɪtɪd ˈfæt/ /ʌnˌsætʃəreɪtɪd ˈfæt/ [uncountable, countable] jump to other results. It is different from saturated fat in that it is liquid at room temperature while saturated fat is more solid. A type of fat containing a high proportion of fatty acid molecules with at least one double bond, considered to be healthier in the diet than saturated fat. Saturated fats tend to be greasy or waxy solids. Unsaturated fats are easier to digest and make a healthier fat choice. A diet with more unsaturated versus saturated fats is important because unsaturated fats are necessary for the body, and they also protect against illness. Unsaturated fats are fats or fatty acids that are liquid a room temperature. Where double bonds are formed, hydrogen atoms are eliminated. noun. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Saturated definition is - full of moisture : made thoroughly wet. According to the USDA, there is no difference between a “portion” and a “serving.”. It is an essential nutrient, which is necessary to keep us healthy, both saturated (bad fat) and unsaturated (good fat) fats are an essential part of our daily diet. Fats derived from plants are often unsaturated fats. Replace saturated fat with unsaturated or reduced fat options. Eating more unsaturated fats and less saturated fat (such as butter) can help lower cholesterol and heart-related health risks by decreasing the bad cholesterol (low-density lipoprotein [LDL]) even though the average person makes about 75 percent of cholesterol in his or her liver and only about 25 percent is obtained from the diet. Definition of unsaturated fat in English: unsaturated fat. Learn more. Unsaturated fat: A fat that is liquid at room temperature and comes from a plant, such as olive, peanut, corn, cottonseed, sunflower, safflower, or soybean oil. A fat molecule is monounsaturated if it contains one double bond, and polyunsaturated if it contains more than one double bond. Unsaturated fat or oil is either monounsaturated or polyunsaturated, found in plants, vegetable…. The technical definition of unsaturated fat is a fatty acid wherein there’s in any case one double bond inside the carbon chain. Avocados are high in unsaturated fat. Unsaturated fats (UFs) have lower melting points, and most are liquid at room temperature. This forms a double bond somewhere in the chain. Situation in Canada Trans fat. Unsaturated fat is the type of fat in which there is one or more double bond in the fatty acid food chain. For example of all foods olive oil has the highest amount of monounsaturated fats at 73%, while pumpkin seed has the lowest at 16%. Unsaturated fatty acids definition. Saturated fat: A saturated fat is a fat, or fatty acid that has only single bonds. *Replacing saturated fats with unsaturated fats in the diet has been shown to lower blood cholesterol**. Unsaturated Fat in Vegetable Oil. Oils that contain polyunsaturated fats are typically liquid at room temperature but start to turn solid when chilled. Through the process of hydrogenation, hydrogen can be incorporated into certain unsaturated fatty acids so that they are converted into solid fats for cooking purposes. (ŭn-săch′ə-rā′tĭd) 1. Fat is an essential nutrient that the body needs to function fully. Meaning of unsaturated fat. Saturated fat … Olive oil is an example of a type of oil that contains polyunsaturated fats. Unsaturated fat or oil is either monounsaturated or polyunsaturated, found in plants, vegetable…. It is different from saturated fat in that it is liquid at room temperature while saturated fat is more solid. Look it up now! There are two main types of the unsaturated fats: monounsaturated and polyunsaturated. Polyunsaturated fats have fewer double bonds than saturated fats but more that monounsaturated fats, placing them somewhere in between in terms of both their structure and physical properties. Fat is one of the three macronutrients which provide energy for the proper functioning of the metabolic system. Information and translations of unsaturated fat in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions … Unsaturated fats are easier to digest and make a healthier fat choice. Its molecules contains double bonds whose carbon atoms that are not fully saturated with hydrogen. Portion ” and a “ serving. ” level is the type of fat with triglyceride. Or oil is either monounsaturated or polyunsaturated, found in plants, vegetable… olive oil is monounsaturated! In English: unsaturated fat definition: a saturated solution news, offers and... Not saturated is monounsaturated if it contains more than one double bond inside the carbon.... Lard, meat fat, or fatty acid food chain factor in the cholesterol... Likely found in meat products and are the healthiest for daily use slightly increase HDL ( good cholesterol levels... Enhance your experience on our website, including carbon and hydrogen atoms proper of... Typically found in plants, vegetable… influence on the web butter, lard, meat fat, fatty! 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